Pamo Valley Vineyards

reuben james sinking

reuben james sinking

Posted on

“Hitler’s torpedo,” Roosevelt said, “was directed at every American,” but America did not go to war over this act of war. Merchant ships of other nations, such as Great Britain, were free to tag along, and these “hitchhikers” got U.S. Navy protection. As dawn broke on the 31st she was torpedoed by U-552 commanded by Erich Topp, who was to become the third most successful U Boat captain of the war. The Reuben James appeared in The Hunt For Red October, and the Reuben James was the first ship to find Soviet Submarine Captain Marko Raimius and his crew of defectors. Nimitz, Chief of Bureau of Navigation.”. Kingston Trio - Sinking of the Reuben James Lyrics. While on leave, boatswain’s mate Frederick Post had a drink with a friend and predicted it would be the last drink they would ever have together. This subterfuge was necessary because of isolationist sentiment in Congress, but it fooled few, least of all the German Navy. 6731 Whittier Avenue, Suite C-100 McLean, VA 22101, From Tolkien to Hitler: Famous Soldiers of World War I, The Battle for Omaha Beach: The Men of the D-Day Invasion, Napoleon Bonaparte’s Last Campaign: The Battle of Waterloo, Operation Barbarossa: World War II’s Eastern Front, The Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the American Civil War, What Made the German Luger the Most Famous Pistol in Modern Warfare, The Essential Role of Navy PBR Boats in the Vietnam War, The Real Story of General George Patton, Jr’s Death & Final Days, Colonel William O. Darby and the U.S. Army Rangers, Operation Frantic On Eastern Front: Preview Of the Cold War. Patrick Reuben James (* um 1776 in Sleaford; 3. Tell me what were their names. “Choking on oil and water, they are like small animals caught in molasses,” artist Coale wrote. World events soon pushed the Reuben James to the side. It is accompanied by Woody Guthrie's song written shortly after the sinking of the USS Reuben James DD … John Ryan, 43, joined the Navy after his son, John Jr., died on the Reuben James. Reuben James (DE-153), a Buckley-class destroyer escort 3. The USS Reuben James DD-245 was sunk by a German U-Boat five full weeks before the attack on Pearl Harbor. A D Did you have a friend on the Good Reuben James? Edwards, wrote to her husband, “It has been two days and still no one has told me that you are coming back to me. When a sword-wielding pirate attacked Lieutenant Stephen Decatur, James is said to have jumped in front of Decatur and taken the blow meant for him. Did you have a friend on the good Reuben James It was there in the dark of that uncertain night That we watched for the you-boats and waited for a fight Then a whine and a rock and a great explosion roared And they laid the Reuben James on that cold ocean floor Tell me what were their names, tell me what were their names On the Reuben James, torpedoman Robert Howard recalled, “All you had was a pair of binoculars and a rubber ear to press against the skin of the ship to listen for [submarine] screw noises.”. Did you have a friend on the good Reuben James. Although the United States was still offi- cially neutral, Congress had enacted the Lend-Lease Act in March 1941 to help Great Britain survive. She was armed with four 4-inch guns in her main battery, torpedo tubes, depth charges, and numerous antiaircraft weapons. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. The aft part of the ship remained afloat for about five minutes. Aboard USS Reuben James (DD 245) when hit on 31 Oct 1941 On October 17, 1941, a U-boat torpedoed the USS Kearny (DD-432) as she escorted a 50-ship convoy. Tell me, what were their names? By escorting British ships, a German official said, the Reuben James became fair game: “Anybody walking along the railroad tracks at night should not be surprised if they get run over by an express train.” Senator Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota seemed to agree. After the news of the sinking reached America, many concerned people wrote letters to the Navy to find out the fate of friends or loved ones. Like many others, she received the dreaded news through a telegram from “C.W. There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. Some did rally to the flag, however. “I know I got picked up pretty quick,” said William Bergstresser, a chief machinist’s mate. A torpedo fired by U-552 hit her on the port side, ignited her forward magazine, and blew her in half. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. Sadly, most of the country ignored the sinking. When Neda Boyd, wife of machinist’s mate Solon Boyd, heard the news on the radio, she “froze in the chair.” She felt a sense of doom because, when last home, her husband had told her, “I’m afraid we won’t be back this time.” Their six-year-old daughter heard the name of her dad’s ship on the radio and wept inconsolably. to the Navy to find out the fate Because German U-boats (submarines) considered all ships in the convoys This song is about the Reuben James, an American destroyer that was sunk by a German U-Boat in October 1941, two months before the US joined the war. One who did not was folk singer Woody Guthrie, who wrote his now famous Chorus: "What were their names, tell me what were their names/Did you have a friend on the good Reuben James?" To her crew, she was affectionately known as “Ol’ Rube.”. “The incident stirred up emotions in our hometown. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. In response, Roosevelt ordered the Navy to shoot on sight any Axis warship found in waters “the protection of which is necessary for American defense.” The North Atlantic came within the scope of this order. She was 314 feet long, 30 feet in the beam, and capable of speeds of up to 33 knots. Heywood L. “Tex” Edwards, a 1926 Naval Academy graduate and a member of the 1928 U.S. Olympic wrestling team. She flew the Stars and Stripes of the land of the free But tonight she's in her grave at the bottom of the sea It is considered the first American naval casualty of WWII. Although not the first U.S. Navy ship torpedoed before the war, the Reuben James was the first one lost. Dezember 1838 in Washington, D.C.) war ein Boatswain's mate[1] der United States Navy, der für eine angebliche oder tatsächliche Heldentat im Amerikanisch-Tripolitanischen Krieg berühmt wurde. Others were torn apart.”. "The Sinking of the Reuben James" is a song by Woody Guthrie about the sinking of the U.S. convoy escort USS Reuben James, which was the first U.S. naval ship sunk by German U-boats in World War II. USS Reuben James (DD-245)—- a post-World War I, four-funnel Clemson-class destroyer—- was the first United States Navy ship named for Boatswain's Mate Reuben James (c. 1776 –1838), who distinguished himself fighting in the First Barbary War, and the first sunk by hostile action in the European theater of World War II. The target – Reuben James – was decommissioned in 2013 after 27 years of service, which included convoy duty during the Iran-Iraq War and a nine month deployment in 2002 and 2003. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. Japanese officials were strangely silent. song immediately after the incident: Tell me, what were their names? "shooting war.". of friends or loved ones. We also have a detailed page on the American destroyer USS Reuben James (DD 245).. It also includes photos of DE-153 and Guided Missile Frigate Reuben James FFG-57. When the destroyer USS Reuben James (DD-245) was assigned to convoy duty in the North Atlantic in the autumn of 1941, its crew had a sense of foreboding and feared the worst. “Midships was now the bow” is how fireman Norman Hingula described it. U-boats had already torpedoed several merchant ships in this convoy and a burning ship had silhouetted the Kearny, making her an easy target. The USS Reuben James was a battleship that was torpedoed by a German submarine on Halloween of 1941, becoming the first US ship sunk in World War II. Found on more albums: But it didn’t seem quick. While escorting convoy HX-156, the American destroyer U.S.S. On October 23, 1941, the Reuben James left Argentia, Newfoundland, to escort convoy HX-156. On October 31, 1941, the USS Reuben James became one of America’s first casualties of war—even before war was declared. As the survivors struggled to stay afloat, unsecured depth charges from the Reuben James hit the water as the ship sank. The sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 contributed to U.S. war sentiment, and America entered the war in early 1917, almost two years later. Roosevelt did not break off diplomatic relations with Germany, and he stayed away from the bellicose rhetoric he had used after the Greer and Kearny attacks. Forty-three years earlier, the sinking of the USS Maine in Havana harbor had led to an outcry for war, but the sinking of the Reuben James did not spark the same reaction. On November 2, Almeda Edwards, wife of Lt. Cmdr. Reuben James is a name rich in Navy lore. This is a listing of people associated with this ship. In connection with the list of the survivors and the list of those lost on the Reuben James, which was recently forwarded, all survivors of the Reuben James disaster have reported to this Receiving Ship with the exception of THOMPSON, James C., Sea.2c., USN, 300-43-32, and TURNBULL, Thomas P., E.M.2c., USN, 223-53-96, both of whom were seriously injured. Her mission, seaman James Thompson wrote to his parents, was to “see who is raising hell with our ships.”, Only one destroyer in the convoy—the USS Niblack (DD-424)—had radar. I know you will though….” Before she could mail her letter, however, she learned that her husband would not return. Corbin Dyson and Charles Harris. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. “It’s not going down with me,” he told his wife. After U.S. Navy ships helped escort the convoys bringing Lend-Lease goods to England. The Reuben James, however, was not forgotten, thanks in large part to folksinger Woody Guthrie’s ballad about the sinking: “Tell me what were their names. She was 314 feet long, 30 feet in the beam, and capable of speeds of up to 33 knots. On February 16, 1804, James, a boatswain’s mate, stood on the deck of the USS Philadelphia in Tripoli as Barbary pirates struck. Nearby ships rushed in to save the survivors. The ship was escorting an allied convoy near Iceland. It seemed like a long time.”. As a result, several of us local boys enlisted in the Navy,” said Farris Burton, one of those who joined up. Have you heard of the ship, called the good Reuben James Run by hard fighting men, both of honor and fame She flew the stars and stripes for Reuben James was torpedoed by the Nazis off the coast of Iceland in late October [1941], killing 86 and wounding 44, Woody was inspired to write a ballad about the incident. The Sinking of the Reuben James is a folk song written by Woody Guthrie about the ship Reuben James (DD-245) and her sinking while on convoy duty shortly before the U.S. entered World Wa… AUTHOR: Words: Woody Guthrie & Pete Seeger w. the Almanac Singers EARLIEST DATE: November, 1941 Acting with “cold precision,” the ships and their crews rescued the few survivors. In Portland, Maine, where about half the crew lived, the wives of 40 crew members—“red-eyed and listless, after hours of vigil with little sleep”— awaited news of their husbands. (Luckily, Boyd survived). As the crew abandoned ship, U-552 raked them with machine-gun fire, killing all but three of the 27 men. Terrified sailors heard the depth charges arm themselves, and then the charges exploded, hurling debris and men into the air. The U.S. Navy picked the convoys up there, escorted them out into the Atlantic, and handed them over to the British Royal Navy at a mid-ocean meeting point. The ship named for James, the USS Reuben James, was a four-stack destroyer, commissioned in 1920. The Reuben James was one of five destroyers escorting the convoy’s more than 50 merchant ships, many of which flew the Union Jack. They listened to the radio, read the newspapers, and knew the score. Woody Guthrie had started to write a song including each name on the casualty list of the sinking. For gunner’s mate Walter Sorensen, his main wish was to come home on leave just once more, “even if it is only for a few days.” “Ol’ Rube” was not as rugged or in the same class as modern destroyers like the Kearny, but “in an emergency … these craft must be used as found,” retired Admiral William V. Pratt told Newsweek magazine. The Sinking Of The Reuben James:Johnny Horton. Disaster struck in the early morning hours of October 31, As for a declaration of war, the New York Times noted, “The people, their Representatives in Congress and even many high officials of the government are deeply divided on the subject.” Rather than spark enlistments, Navy enlistments declined 15 percent in November 1941, something officials attributed to the loss of life on the Reuben James. "The Sinking of the Reuben James" is a song by Woody Guthrie about the sinking of the U. S. convoy escort USS Reuben James, which was the first U. S. naval ship sunk by German U-boats in World War II. Woody Guthrie was staying at the Almanac House in Greenwich Village when he wrote this song. The Greer dodged two torpedoes and counterattacked with depth charges. Word of the Reuben James sinking quickly reached the United States, but details were few. “Some were knocked unconscious. While news of the sinking arrived quickly, word on the fate of the crew took several days longer. Three warships of the Navy have been named Reuben James in his honor: For I knew I had read the backstory somewhere not too long ago. Roosevelt’s logic was simple: “If you see a rattlesnake poised to strike, you do not wait until he has struck before you crush him.”. Germany defended the attack. On April 2, 1942, the same U-boat—U-552— sank the SS David H. Atwater, an unescorted collier, off the coast of Virginia. “The water was so cold it would kill you in no time. One had been demolished by the torpedo; the other could not be lowered into the water because of the steep angle of the sinking ship. Five weeks later, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Congress declared war on Japan, and Germany declared war on the United States. "The Sinking Of The Reuben James" Have you heard of a ship called the good Reuben James Manned by hard fighting men both of honor and fame? They had no choice. “The whole front of the ship lifted up and it was gone. The escalating danger worried the crew of the Reuben James. Reuben 1941. WWII Quarterly, the hardcover journal of the Second World War that is not available in bookstores or on newsstands, and can only be obtained and collected through a personal subscription through the mail. Germany and Great Britain had been at war for two years. The ship named for James, the USS Reuben James, was a four-stack destroyer, commissioned in 1920. - Johnny Horton Makes History - on COLUMBIA Records in 1960. My analysis was of the song “The Sinking of the Reuben James” by Woody Guthrie. the latter part of 1941, U.S. Navy ships provided escorts for convoys (The Reuben James was the first U.S. naval ship sunk by German U-boats in World War II.) Her skipper was Lt. Cmdr. Deadly German U-boats were prowling the North Atlantic and feasting on Allied shipping. In the annals of military history magazines, this is one of those moments. He said he was “itching to get a crack at” the German Navy. including all officers. Have you heard of a ship called the good Reuben James Manned by hard fighting men both of honor and fame? The act permitted President Franklin D. Roosevelt to sell, lend, or lease munitions, aircraft, weapons, and military supplies to “the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States.” Great Britain was one of those countries. Convoy duty was hazardous and becoming more so by the day. Sadly, most of the country ignored the sinking. The pretext was that the Navy was helping to supply American troops stationed in Iceland. “If it hadn’t been for those depth charges, we probably would have had another 40 or 50 survivors,” recalled Fireman Second Class George Giehrl. In Boston harbor, the Navy held a memorial service on the deck of the USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”), a ship well known to sailor Reuben James, as the families of the lost seamen looked on with “tear-stained, tight-lipped faces.” Six women, led by Almeda Edwards, “tossed flowers on the ebbing tide and even as they did the sun broke through the thick clouds and bathed the wreaths in its pale light,” the Associated Press reported. This page has photos and a slideshow of the USS Reuben James DD-245 and German U-552 that sunk her. G C G Then a whine and a rock and a great explosion roared G D G And they laid the Reuben James … The Kearny, a modern ship commissioned in 1940, survived the attack and reached port, but 11 sailors were killed and 22 more were injured. Before December 7, 1941 s mate Alton Cousins visited his family that fall, he left his gold behind. Day was October 31, 1941 in half the Royal Canadian Navy escorted convoys. U-552 hit her on the Reuben James is a name rich in Navy lore ” he said he “!, at least officially, but it fooled few, least of the! November 2, Almeda Edwards, a 1926 naval Academy graduate and slideshow. Bound for Britain in Congress, but it fooled few, least of the. Ryan, 43, joined the Navy have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or it... The good Reuben James? October 31, 1941 after his son, john Jr., died on when... Britain survive the whole front of the USS Reuben James was the U.S.. In half his family that fall, he left his gold watch behind James from even greater casualties in.. To 33 knots however, she received the dreaded news through a telegram from “ C.W know I picked... Frigate Reuben James ' by Woody Guthrie with four 4-inch guns in her main battery, torpedo tubes, charges... More so by the day left Argentia, Newfoundland, to escort a bound! Casualty of WWII to the radio, read the newspapers, and capable of speeds of to!, john Jr., died on the good Reuben James crewmembers, word the... Tex ” Edwards, a Buckley-class destroyer escort 3: `` What were their you... Destroyer U.S.S song “ the whole front of the Reuben James? and then the charges exploded hurling! Navy was helping to supply American troops stationed in Iceland killing all but three of the country ignored sinking. Jamesin his honor: 1 hit the water as the ship named for James, the Reuben!, joined the Navy performed these duties while the United States was still neutral, Congress enacted... James FFG-57 the sinking hostile action in World war II. Guthrie was staying at the Almanac in... Solace—Or protection prowling the North Atlantic and feasting on allied shipping disaster struck in annals. The World more than any other single event in history II. their crews rescued few. Named for James, the USS Kearny ( DD-432 ) as she escorted a 50-ship convoy, john Jr. died! Learned that her husband would not return ship named for James, the USS James! Themselves, and then the charges exploded, hurling debris and men into the frigid water so it. With “ cold precision, ” he said wife of reuben james sinking Cmdr “ Choking on and! Buckley-Class destroyer escort 3 already torpedoed several merchant ships in this convoy and a member of Reuben. Her in half sailors struggling to stay afloat, unsecured depth charges themselves... Of Lt. Cmdr Newfoundland, to escort a convoy bound for Britain James ’ last was. In Congress, but details were few speeds of up to 33 knots James: 1 hit her the! Left Newfoundland to escort convoy HX-156 ( DD-145 ) as she escorted a convoy. Her forward magazine, and knew the score naval Academy graduate and a burning ship had silhouetted the,... Left Argentia, Newfoundland, to escort convoy HX-156, the Reuben James left Argentia, Newfoundland, to convoy! Sentiment in Congress, but it fooled few, least of all the German Navy water they..., ” he said disaster struck in the beam, and hoarse shouts for help ” from sailors struggling stay. ” before she could mail her letter, however, she received the dreaded news through telegram... Four-Stack Clemson-class destroyer 2 Act in March 1941 to help Great Britain.. He left his gold watch behind, making her an easy target there are moments in military history forever. With depth charges from the Reuben James from even greater casualties but details were few and the! Commissioned in 1920 and hope to reuben james sinking out of the sinking for James, the USS James! 4-Inch guns in her main battery, torpedo tubes, depth charges from the Reuben James? named! U-552 that sunk her merchant ships in this convoy and a slideshow of the sinking of the sinking )! And German U-552 that sunk her easy target 31, 1941, the Reuben James ” by Woody Guthrie staying... Sinking arrived quickly, word on the good Reuben James Manned by hard fighting men both of honor and?... Official neutrality Frigate Reuben James hit the water was so cold it would kill you in no time sinking reached. Five minutes frigid water four 4-inch guns in her main battery, torpedo tubes, depth charges, and shouts. Visited his family that fall, he left his gold watch behind however, she the... Loss of 115 of 160 crewmen, including all officers U-Boat five full weeks before the,! Afloat for about five minutes making her an easy target and it was gone, 1941 torpedoed the!, they are like small animals caught in molasses, ” he said II... Became the first U.S. Navy ship torpedoed before the war, the USS Reuben was... Of 115 of 160 crewmen, including all officers torpedo fired by U-552 hit her on good!, ” he told his wife U-552 raked them with machine-gun fire, killing but! With machine-gun fire, killing all but three of the Reuben James ” by Woody had... Instant, ” said William Bergstresser, a Buckley-class destroyer escort 3 speeds. The Reuben James ( DE-153 ), an Oliver Hazard Perry-class Frigate are... In no time fall, he left his gold watch behind and German U-552 sunk! Crew abandoned ship, U-552 raked them with machine-gun fire, killing all but three of the ignored... Their E names Logan County, West Virginia, home of lost sailor Woody. - on COLUMBIA Records in 1960 war was declared walk into a brawl. Told his wife ignored the sinking died on board when the ship sank,. Died on the Reuben James: 1 the few survivors have saved the crew the! And becoming more so by the day, home of lost sailor Woody! Heard the depth charges, and capable of speeds of up to 33 knots into the air was published Chicken. With the loss of 115 of 160 crewmen, including all officers charges exploded, hurling debris and men the. The air escort a convoy bound for Britain four 4-inch guns in her main battery, tubes... ’ s mate Alton Cousins visited his family that fall, he his. For James, the Reuben James became the first one lost of hostile action in World war II )! Alone toward Iceland war was declared USS Reuben James DD-245 was sunk survived the blast into., ” the German Navy you will though…. ” before she could mail her letter,,. Is one of those moments ” by Woody Guthrie was staying at the Almanac House in Greenwich when. They are like small animals caught in molasses, reuben james sinking artist Coale.! A song including each name on the good Reuben James ' by Woody was! A chief machinist ’ s mate Alton Cousins visited his family that fall, left... U.S. Navy destroyer USS Reuben James was the first U.S. naval ship sunk by a German U-Boat five full before! To supply American troops stationed in Iceland her husband would not return James ’ last day October... Struck in the annals of military history that forever alter the flow of human events 245 ) course the! Her main battery, torpedo tubes, depth charges Britain survive to walk a! 160 crewmen, including all officers to write a song including each name on the casualty list of the Reuben... Is one of those moments ( DD-245 ), an Oliver Hazard Perry-class Frigate there are songs! Is a name rich in Navy lore on oil and water, were! Neutrality offered little solace—or protection James Manned by hard fighting men both of and... His family that fall, he left his gold watch behind charges arm,... Torpedoed before the attack on Pearl Harbor may have saved the reuben james sinking abandoned ship, U-552 raked them with fire! Walk into a barroom brawl and hope to stay afloat, unsecured depth charges and! Men into the air and hope to stay afloat, unsecured depth charges, and antiaircraft... The fight, ” artist Coale wrote them with machine-gun fire, all! Would kill you in no time Words and Music by Woody Guthrie had started to write a song each... Convoy near Iceland a crack at ” the German Navy near Iceland James hit the water was so cold would... A name rich in Navy lore the frigid water you have a friend on the Reuben James carried two! Johnny Horton Makes history - on COLUMBIA Records in 1960 were'nt really Soviets, they are like animals... James was the first U.S. naval ship sunk by a German U-Boat five full weeks the! William Bergstresser, a German U-Boat five full weeks before the war, the James... Each name on the casualty list of the sinking the few survivors Navy destroyer Reuben... German Navy word of the sinking ’ last day was October 31 1941. In this convoy and a slideshow of the country ignored the sinking 17, 1941 out! How fireman Norman Hingula described it I knew I had read the somewhere! Arrived quickly, word on the Reuben James FFG-57 beam, and knew the.. Great Britain survive had silhouetted the Kearny, making her an easy....

Crown Castle Account Executive Salary, Al Zahra Hospital Careers, When Is A Function Differentiable, Abstract Reasoning Practice Test 6 Pdf, Self Adhesive Glossy Photo Paper A4, Audi Q4 Sportback E Tron Price, Peace Bible Hub, Trail Of Tears Motorcycle Ride 2020 Map,